After a year of war in Ukraine does Russias nuclear

After a year of war in Ukraine, does Russia’s nuclear threat remain?

(CNN Spanish) — Since the start of Russia’s war in Ukraine a year ago, senior US officials have debated how and under what conditions Moscow could use tactical nuclear weapons against Kiev.

The US estimates, based on analysis rather than first-hand evidence, that these weapons, armed with smaller nuclear warheads, could be used for a limited attack on the battlefield.

The explosive power of such weapons corresponds to 10 to 100 kilotons of dynamite.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said in December 2022 that he would consider nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction “as a defensive strategy and only in retaliation for such an attack on his territory.”

For his part, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, Dmytro Kuleba, said a few days ago at a virtual meeting organized by the Inter-American Press Association and attended by CNN that despite the nuclear threat posed by Russia, he has confidence in the major powers having established since the Cold War Doctrine of nuclear deterrence to prevent nuclear powers from attacking each other.

What would happen if the nuclear threat became a reality?

For his part, Alexander Khodakovsky, one of his commanders in the Donetsk region of eastern Ukraine, appeared on Russian state television that same month calling for the use of nuclear weapons. The Separatist military argued that he did not believe the Russian army could win the war without using it.

Experts consulted by CNN believe that using any kind of nuclear weapons in the war in Ukraine would not only provoke international outrage, but also put pressure on the United States and its NATO allies to retaliate.

According to the Arms Control Association, Russia’s total nuclear arsenal is larger than that of the United States: Moscow has around 6,250 nuclear warheads, while the United States has more than 5,000.