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Security Council investigates violence and organized crime in Haiti

The United Nations body will analyze updated information from the last three months of 2023 on the sources and routes of illicit arms and financial flows, as well as the main challenges to respecting human rights and security.

The meeting will discuss reports prepared by the United Nations Integrated Mission in Haiti (Binuh) and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime.

The texts acknowledge, among other things, the efforts for dialogue and political reconciliation of the Binuh, the Group of Eminent Persons of the Caribbean Community (Caricom) and other national and international actors.

At the same time, they emphasize challenges to the country's stability, such as the decline in the number of police officers and the expansion of control of armed gangs.

According to reports, the departments of Oeste and Artibonito continue to be affected by extreme insecurity, characterized by indiscriminate violence by armed gangs that attack the civilian population as well as police units and infrastructure.

Meanwhile, in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area, the gangs' influence was spreading at an alarming rate to previously less affected areas such as Carrefour-Feuilles, Solino, Bon-Repos, Mariani and Léogâne.

Rising rates of murder and kidnapping by gangs have forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes, according to collected testimony.

Between October 1 and December 31, Haitian authorities registered 1,432 intentional homicides, including 157 women, 24 girls and 31 boys, compared to 673 registered victims in the same period last year.

At that time, the number of abductions was 698 – 258 women, 14 girls and 17 boys – compared to 391 abductions recorded on a similar date in 2022.

Homicides recorded in 2023 increased by 119.4 percent compared to 2022 figures, with 4,789 victims last year (465 women, 93 boys and 48 girls), corresponding to a proportion of 40.9 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

The number of people kidnapped per year also increased from 1,359 in 2022 to 2,490 in 2023, an increase of 83 percent.