The amnesty law is the key to legislation. The current mandate of Pedro Sánchez in La Moncloa depends largely on the clemency measure that the plenary session of Congress will debate and vote on this Tuesday before being sent to the Senate, where the PP will delay its approval with its absolute majority. And for this reason, the PSOE leadership does not consider the recent court decisions affecting the former president and leader of the Junts, Carles Puigdemont, the secretary general of the ERC, Marta Rovira and other independence politicians and activists, as a coincidence. Ferraz sources call the extension of the investigation of the so-called democratic tsunami case by the judge of the National Court Manuel García-Castellón, just a few hours after Joaquín Aguirre, the judge of the Russian conspiracy of the trial, this derivation that also affects Josep Lluís Alay, Head of Puigdemont's office, is extended for six months. The ultimate intention would be to boycott rule and create the conditions to break the majority that enabled Sánchez's inauguration just two months ago. To facilitate this, Junts and ERC made the amnesty a condition, representing a crucial vote not only for the executive but also for the independence movement, with an eye on the elections scheduled in Catalonia in a year, while the fight between the legislative Violence and that of the judges.
The same sources from the national leadership of the PSOE influence: “Court decisions have a very clear goal. The very fact that the judiciary is at the mercy of the legislature to influence the law is already terrible and inadmissible.” The actions of García-Castellón, instructor of the tsunami case, who have issued a series of resolutions in recent months which temporarily coincide with very delicate moments of the PSOE's negotiations with Junts and ERC on the Sánchez investment and on the amnesty law, have triggered the unusual reaction of the main governing party. “The times of the judiciary coincide empirically with those of politics and the legislature. Either way, every time the legislature takes a step, a judge also takes a step,” emphasized the same socialist sources after learning of what they consider to be the last two moves by the most conservative sector of the judiciary on the eve of the debate . Key to amnesty in parliament.
The text of the amnesty law, agreed by the PSOE, Junts and ERC in the trial before the Justice Commission, risks being blocked in Congress this Tuesday. Sources from Junts per Catalunya indicate that at the end of Monday there is still no agreement on the inclusion of amendments covering all legal proceedings derived from the process, which opens the door for Junts to vote against the text in this first instance. informed Marc Rovira.
The previous week already left further precedents of controversial court decisions, the author of which was once again García-Castellón, which put the PSOE even more on alert. The judge issued two orders in the tsunami case, one on Thursday and another on Friday, after the Socialists agreed on the latest changes they wanted to apply to the future amnesty law, as requested by Junts and ERC. The amendment that the Judiciary Commission of Congress approved last Tuesday to protect independence activists and political leaders as much as possible before its final debate in the plenary session this Tuesday (and its subsequent treatment in the Senate, which the PP as far as possible delay), two months before the upper house rejects the law and sends it back to Congress for final approval) stipulates that those accused of terrorism will be exonerated “as long as it does not manifestly and with direct intent cause serious human rights violations in particular those provided for in Articles 2 and 3 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights (ECHR) and fundamental freedoms and in international humanitarian law. In these cases, the amnesty also applies to those who have been legally convicted, a possibility that was excluded in the first draft of the law.
Those who would benefit from the latest agreed changes, in addition to Puigdemont and Rovira – both on the run from Spanish justice in Belgium and Switzerland respectively – would be twelve activists from the Committees for the Defense of the Republic (CDR), accused of terrorism for acts of sabotage and turmoil. Strays After knowing the content of the amendments approved by the Judicial Commission, García-Castellón issued a resolution questioning whether amnesty could be granted to Puigdemont and the other defendants in the tsunami case, emphasizing that the violations that Two police officers suffered in October 2019 in Barcelona during the riots over the Procés ruling are “incompatible with the right to life and physical integrity, recognized in Article 15 of the Constitution and Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights”. The judge also noted in a separate ruling that Tsunami Democràtic “may have had in mind” to act when a delegation from the king visited Barcelona in 2020, an alleged plan that already appeared in a report submitted by the Guardia Civil sent to him in April and to which he made no reference in the order he issued in November against Puigdemont and Rovira for alleged terrorism.
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High-voltage parliamentary session
Amid all this political and legal whirlwind, Congress will hold an extraordinary session to debate and vote on the Judiciary Commission's opinion on the Amnesty Law proposal, as well as the amendments still in force. ERC and Junts do not give up and insist that they will not ignore any of the legal allegations, which include the accusation of terrorism, while the government maintains that it will not make any further changes to the amnesty, despite pressure from its independence partners it has already Relevant changes in the future law were achieved last week, when the PSOE had already closed the rule. “At the moment there is no change in the position of the PSOE regarding the vote on the amendments compared to the results of the Justice Commission last week,” said PSOE spokeswoman Esther Peña. “We are satisfied and satisfied with the text that emerged from the commission. The resulting document is sufficiently robust, fully constitutional and impeccable, and that is what we are doing,” he affirmed. “We only closed the door at the last moment to be able to improve the law,” was the message from Esquerra spokeswoman Raquel Sans. The chairman of the ERC, Oriol Junqueras, and the vice president of the Generalitat, Laura Vilagrà, will attend the plenary session of the Congress, a debate and a vote that could potentially be worth more to the legislature than the amnesty.
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