Why is Santiago de Chile the smartest city in Latin

Why is Santiago de Chile the smartest city in Latin America after overtaking Buenos Aires?

In the latest index IESE Cities on the Move (ICIM) In 2024, Santiago de Chile was highlighted as the most progressive metropolis in Latin America. Ranked 91st in the world, the Chilean capital surpasses other major cities in the region, setting a precedent for urban progress and smart governance in the South American country.

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This index, an initiative of the IESE Center for Globalization and Strategy Led by professors Pascual Berrone and Joan Enric Ricart, 183 cities from 92 countries are assessed based on 114 key indicators. These indicators cover various areas that are fundamental to progress and quality of life in cities, from government to mobility and transport to economic aspects.

Why is Santiago de Chile the smartest city in Latin The IESE Cities in Motion Index (ICIM) 2024 evaluates 183 cities from 92 countries based on 114 key indicators. Photo: Chile Travel

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Why was Santiago de Chile named the smartest city in Latin America?

Santiago's rank as the frontrunner in Latin America It's not a coincidence. His outstanding performance in crucial areas such as government, mobility and transportation as well as sound economic aspects were crucial to his privileged position. This achievement reflects the city's commitment to innovation and sustainability and its ability to implement smart solutions to benefit its residents.

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Although Buenos Aires was ranked behind Santiago, its leadership in urban planning, international reach and human capital development is notable. This complementary approach highlights the diversity of strategies and strengths between the Latin American cities.

The report also highlights the challenges facing Latin American cities, including high population densities and impacts exacerbated by international crises. However, on a global scale, cities like London, new York And Paris They maintain their leadership position in the rankings, with Western Europe leading the way in representation.

1708047739 244 Why is Santiago de Chile the smartest city in Latin Santiago de Chile has been named the smartest city in the region. Photo: Chile Travel

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The 2024 edition of ICIM presents important updates, such as new demographic data Euromonitor and the inclusion of indicators that better reflect current reality. These changes underscore the Index's continued evolution and adaptation to more accurately reflect the global urban landscape.

The classification of Santiago de Chile Being named the Smartest City in Latin America at ICIM 2024 is a testament to its proactive approach to smart city management. Although the challenges are significant, the progress of Santiago and other Latin American cities in global rankings offers a hopeful vision for the region's urban future.

The history of Santiago de Chile

The founding of Santiago, which took place on February 12, 1541, was by Pedro de Valdivia, marks a crucial chapter in the history of Chile and Spanish colonization in the Americas. Selected for its fertile land and strategic location in the valley of the Mapocho RiverThe city witnessed not only the meeting of cultures, but also the birth of a new urban identity on the continent.

Valdivia's decision to locate the city between two arms of the river Mapocho River, under the protection of Cerro Huelén (later renamed Cerro Santa Lucía), was a strategic decision. The proximity to the river ensured water supplies, while the hill provided shelter and a panoramic view to warn of any threat.

1708047741 597 Why is Santiago de Chile the smartest city in Latin Santiago de Chile has the highest viewpoint in South America at 300 meters, the Costanera Center and Sky Costanera. Photo: Chile Travel

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According to the Hispanic urban planning model Santiago It was designed in a checkerboard shape, a structure that would facilitate its expansion and organization. The main square, surrounded by important buildings such as the chapel and the houses of the main residents, became the heart of the city.

The establishment of advice It was a milestone in the city's political organization as it gave Santiago a degree of autonomy to address local challenges. Although this autonomy was changed by the appointment of a royal governor, the council retained a crucial role in urban life, symbolizing the beginning of local governance in the colonial context.

Santiago's early years were marked by significant challenges, including the attack led by the Michimalonco boss. This event demonstrated not only indigenous resistance but also the vulnerability of the Spanish settlement. However, the resilience of the settlers, combined with the establishment of a port in Valparaíso and the shifting of the conflict boundary southward, facilitated the consolidation of Santiago as the political and economic center of the territory.

1708047744 790 Why is Santiago de Chile the smartest city in Latin La Moneda Palace is one of the most important places in Santiago de Chile. Photo: Chile Travel

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The recognition of Santiago as a city King of Spain and the awarding of a coat of arms in 1552 underline the success of colonization and the establishment of stable colonial institutions. This act not only symbolized the importance of Santiago in the Spanish Empire, but also consolidated its status as the capital of the kingdom.

The founding of Santiago de Chile It is not just a story of conquest and resistance, it is the story of how a city became the epicenter of Spanish colonization and urban development in Latin America.

From its strategic location to its urban design and political organization, Santiago reflects the complexity and richness of colonial history.

What are the main features of Santiago de Chile?

  • Geographical location: Santiago is located in the central valley of Chile, surrounded by the Andes to the east and the coastal mountains to the west. This location gives it a unique landscape with mountains visible from almost every point in the city.
  • Political and economic center: Santiago is the political, economic and financial center of Chile. It houses the government headquarters as well as important financial and corporate institutions.
  • Cultural diversity: The city is a melting pot of cultures with a wide range of cultural activities, museums, theaters, art galleries and a vibrant food scene that reflects the diversity of its residents.
  • Climate: Santiago has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Proximity to mountains can also affect the weather, especially in winter when snow can be seen on nearby peaks.
  • Transport: The city has a well-developed public transport network, including an extensive subway system, buses and taxis, facilitating mobility within the metropolis.
  • What is the highest viewpoint in South America?

    Almost 300 meters high Located in a shopping center, Sky Costanera is the highest viewing point in all of South America. It is located in Santiago de Chile and offers its visitors 360 degree views.

    Those who want to enter must purchase a ticket, which costs between 3,000 and 12,000 pesos.